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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus IV: Organ Systems: Synonyms

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus IV: Organ Systems

Synonyms

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


Terminology for organs from the older English, French, and German literature related to more modern usage.

 

(s. = synonomous with)

A |B| C | D| E| F| G| H| I| J| K| L| M| N| O| P| Q | R| S| T| U | V| W| X | Y | Z|

A

Older Terminology

Modern Usage

Adamsapfel

Laryngeal prominence, thyroid cartilage

Amygdala

Palatine tonsils

Appendix glandulae thyreoidea

Pyramidal lobe, thyroid gland

Appendix vermicularis

Vermiform process, appendix

Arcus glossopalatinus

Arcus palatoglossus (palatoglossal arch)

Arcus pharyngopalatinus

Arcus palatopharyngeus (palatopharyngeal arch)

Arteria aspera

Trachea

Asperia arteria

Trachea

Augenzähne

Teeth, canine

Aureola

Areola

Alveolus s. sinus laryngis
s. Morgagni

Laryngeal ventricle

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B

Balanus

Glans penis

Bassinet

Pelvis and/or uterus

Bauchspeicheldrüse

Pancreas

Bernard's duct

Accessory duct of pancreas

Boures

Scrotum

Brustdrüse

Mamma

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C

Canal de Sténon

Stensen's duct or parotid duct

Canal of Itis

Thyroglossal duct

Canalis pancreaticus azygos

Accessory pancreatic duct

Canalus gutturalis

Auditory tube

Canalus palatinus tympani

Auditory tube

Capitula arytenoidea

Corniculate cartilage

Capsulae suprarenales

Capsule of suprarenal glands

Caput coli

Cecum

Caput pancreatis s. extremitas
dextra s. obtusa s. duodenalis

Head of pancreas

Caput penis

Glans penis

Cartilago s. corpuscula
Wrisbergii

Cuneiform cartilage

Cartilago annularis

Cricoid cartilage

Cartilago cuneiformes

Cuneiform cartilage

Cartilago gutturales

Arytenoid cartilage

Cartilago pyramidales

Arytenoid cartilage

Cartilago Santorinianae

Corniculate cartilage

Cartilago scutiformes

Thyroid cartilage

Cartilago triquetrae

Arytenoid cartilage

Cauda pancreatis s.
extremitas sinistra s. acuta
s. lienalis

Tail of pancreas

Cavum buccale

Vestibule of mouth

Cavum oris

Mouth

Cavum oris externus

Vestibule of mouth

Cholecystis

Gallbladder

Columna media

Pyramidal lobe, thyroid gland

Conduit accessorie ou
supplémentaire

Accessorie pancreatic duct

Conduit excréteur principal

Pancreatic duct

Cornea opaca

Sclera

Cornea pellucida

Cornea

Cornicula s. capitula s.
corpuscula

Santorini Cornicula cartilage

Cornu inferius

Inferior horn, thyroid cartilage

Cornu majus s. longum

Superior horn, thyroid cartilage

Cornu minus s. breve

Inferior horn, thyroid cartilage

Cornu superius

Superior horn, thyroid cartilage

Corpora fibrospongiosa

Corpora cavernosa penis

Coropora spongiosa s.
nervosa penis

Corpora cavernosa penis

Corpus cavernosum s.
spongiosum inferius

Corpus cavernosum urethrea

Corpus thymicum s.
thymianum

Thymus

Cutis

Skin

Cystis s. vesicula bilis

Gallbladder

Cystis fella

Gallbladder

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D

Dens sapientiae

Teeth, molar, wisdom

Dentes cuspidati s. lanarii
s. angulares

Teeth, canine

Dentes decidui

Teeth, deciduous

Dentes incisive

Teeth, incisor

Dentes incisores s.
primores

Teeth, incisor

Dentes infantiles

Teeth, deciduous

Dentes lactei

Teeth, deciduous

Dentes molares anteriores
s. minores s. bicuspidati

Teeth premolars

Dentes molares
posteriores s. majores

Teeth, molars

Dentes multicuspidati

Teeth, molars

Dentes praemolares

Teeth, premolars

Ductus Bartholinianus

Duct of sublingual gland

Ductus choledochus

Common Bile duct

Ductus pancreaticus
accessorius

Accessory pancreatic duct

Ductus pancreaticus
directus

Pancreatic duct

Ductus pancreaticus
recurrens

Accessory pancreatic duct

Ductus pancreaticus
superioris

Accessory pancreatic duct

Ductus Santorini

Accessory pancreatic duct

Ductus Stenonianus

Parotid duct

Ductus Stensonianus

Parotid duct

Ductus venosus

Arantii Ductus venosus

Ductus Whartonianus

Submandibular duct

Ductus Wirsungianus

Pancreatic duct

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E

Eckzähne

Teeth, canine

Eierstöcke

Ovaries

Eileiter

Ovaduct

Epiploon

Greater omentum

Eustachische Röhre

Auditory tube

Eustachische Trompete

Auditory tube

Excisura cartilago thyroideae

Superior thyroid notch

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F

Flexura iliaca s.
ramanum

Sigmoid flexure, of rectum

Foramen cecum or Morgagni

Foramen cecum of tongue

Fourth tonsil

Lingual tonsil

Fruchthalter

Uterus

Fundus ventriculi

Fundus of stomach

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G

Gargareon

Uvula

Gaster

Stomach

Gastrocolic omentum

Greater omentum

Gebärmutter

Uterus

Giessbeckenknorpel

Arytenoid cartilage

Glandula maxillaris s. angularis

Ciliary ganglion

Glandula salivalis externa

Parotid gland

Glandula salivalis interna

Submandibular and sublingual glands

Glandula thymus

Thymus

Glandulae s. capulae atrabilariae

Suprarenal glands

Glandulae genales

Buccal glands

Glandulae morales

Buccal glands

Glottis vera

True vocal fold

Great cul-de-sac

Fundus of stomach

Grimmdarmklappe

Ileocolic (ileocecal) valve

Grundknorpel

Crcoid cartilage

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H

Harngang

Ureters

Harnleiter

Uterers

Harte Augenhaut

Sclera

Hautorgan

Skin

Hepar

Liver

Hintere Backenzähne

Teeth, molar

Hinter Mundhöhle

Mouth

Hinterste Backenzähne

Teeth, molar, wisdom

Hoden

Testicles

Hodensack

Scrotum

Hornhaut

Cornea (or epidermis)

Hundzähne

Teeth, canine

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I

Incisura cartilago
thyreoideae superioris

Superior thyroid notch

Integumentum commune

Skin

Intestinum angustum

Small intestine

Intestinum erassum

Large intestine

Intestinum gracile

Small intestine

Intestinum mesenteriale

Jejunum and ileum

Intestinum tenue

Small intestine

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J

Jecur

Liver

Jejuno-ileum

Jejunum and ileum

Jungfernhäutchen

Hymen

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K

Kehldeckelknorpel

Epiglottic cartilage

Kindzähne

Teeth, deciduous

Kinnbackendrüse

Submandibular gland

Kropfdrüse

Thyroid gland

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L

Lien

Spleen

Ligament, large

Broad ligament

Lingual cartilage

Epiglottic cartilage

Lobus anonymous

Lobus quadratus of liver

Lobus anterior

Lobus quadratus of liver

Luette

Uvula

Luschka's gland

Pharyngeal tonsil

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M

Magendrüse

Pancreas

Mammila

Nipple

Matrice

Uterus

Membrana hyothyreoidea

Thyrohyoid membrane

Membrana obturatoria laryngis

Thyrohyoid membrane

Milchfleisch

Thymus

Milz

Spleen

Molares

Teeth, molar

Morsus diaboli (Testut)

Fimbriated distal end of fallopian tube, infundibulum

Mutterscheide

Vagina

Muttertrompete

Oviduct

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N

Nebennieren

Suprarenal glands

Netzhaut

Retina

Nieren

Kidneys

Nierendrüsen

Suprarenal glands

Nodus gutturis

Laryngeal prominence

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O

Obernieren

Suprarenal glands

Ohrendrüse

Parotid gland

Ohrspeicheldrüse

Parotid gland

Ohrtrompete

Auditory tube

Omentula

Appendices epiploicae

Omentum majus

Greater omentum

Orchides

Testicles

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P

Palatum molle

Soft palate

Pancreas of Winslow

Uncinate process of pancreas

Pancreas Winslowi

Processus uncinatus of pancreas

Papillae arcuatae

Papillae filiformes

Papillae calciformes

Papillae vallate

Papillae capitatae

Papillae vallate

Papillae circumvallate

Papillae vallate

Papillae claratae

Papillae fungiformes

Papillae conicae

Papillae vallate

Papillae conoideae

Papillae filiformes

Papillae corolliformes

Papillae filiformes

Papillae lenticulares

Papillae fungiformes

Papillae magnae

Papillae vallate

Papillae maximae

Papillae vallate

Papillae mediae

Papillae fungiformes

Papillae minores

Papillae filiformes

Papillae obtusae

Papillae fungiformes

Papillae petiolate

Papillae vallate

Papillae truncate

Papillae vallate

Papillae villosae

Papillae filiformes

Paukenfell

Tympanic membrane

Plicae thyreo-arytaenoideae inferior

True vocal fold

Plicae thyreo-arytaenoideae superior

False vocal fold

Portio duodenalis s. verticalis

Head of pancreas

Portio lienalis

Fundus of stomach

Porus biliarus

Common bile duct

Pouch of Douglas

Rectovaginal pouch

Priapus

Penis

Processes pyramidalis

Pyramidal lobes, thyroid gland

Prominentia laryngis

Laryngeal prominence, thyroid cartilage

Pyramis

Pyramidal lobe, thyroid gland

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R

Radix linguae

Root of tongue

Regenbogenhaut

Iris

Reisszähne

Teeth, canine

Renes

Kidneys

Renes succenturiati

Suprarenal glands

Rima vocalis

True vocal folds

Ringknorpel

Cricoid cartilage

Ruthe

Penis

Ruthenzellkörper

Corpora cavernosa penis

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S

Saccus coecus

Fundus of stomach

Salpinx

Tube

Scheide

Vagina

Scheidenklappe

Hymen

Schildknorpel

Thyroid cartilage

Schnepfknorpel

Arytenoid cartilage

Schneppenknorpel

Arytenoid cartilage

Schwammkörper

Corpora cavernosa penis

Schwellbares

Cavernous tissue

Schwellgewebe

Cavernous tissue

Schwellkörper

Corpora cavernosa penis

Septum membranaceum auris

Tympanic membrane

Small cul-de-sac

Pyloric antrum of stomach

Spigelian lobe of liver

Caudate lobe of liver

Spitzzähne

Teeth, canine

Splen

Spleen

Staphyle

Uvula

Stellknorpel

Arytenoid cartilage

Stockzähne

Teeth, molar

Stomachus

Stomach

Submaxillary glang

Submandibular gland

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T

Tenia libera

Tenia coli, one of three tenia (topographically unrelated to mesentary or omentum)

Tenia mesocolica

Tenia coli, one of three tenia (position of attachment embryonic dorsal mesentery)

Tenia omentalis

Tenia coli, one of three tenia (position of attachment of greater omentum to transverse colon)

Teste muliebres

Ovaries

Tonsilla pharyngea

Pharyngeal tonsil

Trommelfell

Tympanic membrane

Tuba acustica

Auditory tube

Tuba Eustachii

Auditory tube

Tuba

Uterine tube (ovaduct)

Tube uterina s

Fallopiae Uterine tube (oviduct)

Tube

Auditory tube

Tunica amphiblestroides

Retina

Tunica nervea oculi

Retina

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V

Valvula Bauhini

Ileocolic valve

Valvula coli

Ileocolic valve

Valvula Fallopiae

Ileocolic valve

Valvula Tulpii

Ileocolic valve

Valvula vaginae

Hymen

Velum palatinum

Soft palate

Velum pendulum palati

Soft palate

Ventriculus

Stomach

Ventriculus laryngis

Laryngeal ventricle

Ventriculus Morgagni

Laryngeal ventricle

Vesicula fella

Gallbladder

Vesica fella

Gallbladder

Vestibulum oris

Vestibule of mouth

Vorder Backenzähne

Teeth, premolars

Vordere Mundhöhle

Vestibule of mouth

Vorderzähne

Tooth, incisor

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W

Wechselzähne

Teeth, deciduous

Weisheitszahn

Teeth, molar, wisdom

Weisse Augenhaut

Sclera

 

Z

Zäpfchen

Uvula

Zitze

Nipple

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