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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 6: Pelvis, Perineum, Hip, and Upper Thigh

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 6. Pelvis, Perineum, Hip, and Upper Thigh

Plate 6.24

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed

Plate 6.24

Upper Left Quadrant

Lower Left Quadrant

Lower Right Quadrant

Upper Right Quadrant

1. Ileum
2. Inferior epigastric a. and v.
3. Ileum
4. External iliac a.
5. Ovarian a., v., and nerve and suspensory, ligament of ovary
6. Femoral nerve
7. Nutrient artery of ilium and uterine a. and v.
8. Gluteus medius m.
9. Ilium
10. Obturator nerve
11. Right ureter

12. Gluteus medius m.
13. Internal iliac a.
14. Sciatic nerve
15. Internal iliac v.
16. Gluteus maximus m.
17. Greater sciatic foramen
18. Piriformis m.
19. Inferior gluteal nerve
20. Pudendal nerve
21. Sacral canal
22. Sacrum

23. Pudendal nerve and sigmoid colon
24. Inferior gluteal nerve
25. Piriformis m.
26. Gluteus maximus m.
27. Sciatic nerve, tibial division
28. Superior gluteal a. and v. in greater sciatic foramen
29. Sciatic nerve, common peroneal division
30. Broad ligament
31. Ilium

32. Gluteus medius m.
33. Uterus, lumen
34 Iliopsoas m.
35. Gluteus minimus m.
36. Brood ligament
37. Internal iliac a.
38. Descending colon
39. Mesentery, ileum
40. Uterus, body
41. Ileum
42. Rectus abdominis m.

This section passes through the rectus abdominis muscles (42), suspensory ligament of the right ovary (5), uterus (40), ilium (9, 31), and sacrum (22).

On the left side, the peroneal (29) and tibial (27) divisions of the sciatic nerve are seen separated by the superior gluteal artery and vein in the sciatic foremen (28).

A portion of the broad ligament (30, 36) is seen covering the uterus (40). The uterine artery is seen on the right lateral surface of the uterus. The uterine cavity (33) is seen as a narrow slit in the thick body of the organ.

The pudendal nerves (20, 23) are seen near their origin from sacral nerves 2, 3, and 4. The pudendal nerve is variable and may arise from nerves S1 through S5, but usually from three nerves.

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