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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 7. Lower Limb

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 7. Lower Limb

Plate 7.41

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed

Plate 7.41

Upper Left Quadrant

Lower Left Quadrant

Lower Right Quadrant

Upper Right Quadrant

1. Second digit, proximal phalanx
2. Second metatarsal head
3. Flexor hallucis brevis (lateral head) m.
4. Flexor hallucis brevis m.
5. Flexor hallucis brevis (medial head) m.
6. Proximal phalanx, base
7. Metatarsophalangeal joint and first metatarsal head
8. Tendon m. flexor hallucis brevis (medial head)
9. Tendon m. flexor hallucis longus
10. Tendon m. abductor hallucis

11. Fat pad of heel

12. Calcaneus, tuberosity

13. Tendon m. abductor digiti minimi
14. Flexor digiti quinti m.
15. Tendon m. flexor digitorum brevis
16. Fifth metatarsal head
17. Fifth digit, proximal phalanx
18. Tendons m. flexor digitorum longus
19. Fourth metatarsal head
20. Fourth digit, proximal phalanx
21. Fibrous digital sheath
22. Third metatarsal head
23. Third digit, proximal phalanx
24. Adductor hallucis (transverse head) m.
25. Plantar aponeurosis

This section passes through structures anterior to the arch of the foot. It cuts the heads of the first (7), second (2), third (22), fourth (19), and fifth (16) metatarsals. It cuts the base of the first (6), second (1), third (23), fourth (20), and fifth (17) proximal phalanges.

The transverse head of adductor hallucis muscle (24) is identified. The thick plantar aponeurosis (25) is seen, and the fat pad of the foot (11) is exposed from the heel through the region of the arch.

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