Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Paul M. Heidger,
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed
Molecular layer: Most superficial layer, containing few neurons. It is largely synaptic.
Basket cell processes: Axons of basket cells run transversely in the folium giving off collaterals that form a basket-like arborization around Purkinje cell bodies. They also synapse with Purkinje cell dendrites and proximal parts of the axon.
Medullary core: Deep white matter, which contains the entire afferent and efferent axons of the cerebellum.
Granule cell layer: A plexus or network composed of processes of granule cells and Golgi Type II cells (see Plate 94) as well as mossy fiber input. Mossy fibers are the terminations of all fibers entering the cerebellum except the olivocerebellar fibers, which constitute the climbing fibers.
Purkinje cells: Single row of large flask-shaped cells. Dendrites arborize richly in the molecular layer. Note black arborization of basket cell axons around the Purkinje cells.
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