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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 1. Head and Neck

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 1. Head and Neck

Plate 1.10

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed


Plate 1.10

Upper Left Quadrant

Lower Left Quadrant

Lower Right Quadrant

Upper Right Quadrant

1. Septum pellucidum
2. Corpus callosum
3. Third ventricle
4. Head of caudate nucleus
5. Genu of internal capsule
6. Dorsomedial thalamic nucleus
7. Ventral lateral thalamic nucleus
8. Middle meningeal a.
9. Posterior limb of internal capsule

10. Fimbria of fornix
11. Temporal (inferior) horn of lateral ventricle
12. Hippocampus
13. Striate (primary visual) cortex
14. Superior vermis of cerebellum
15. Lingual gyrus

16. Straight sinus
17. Pineal body
18. Confluence of sinuses
19. Internal cerebral v.
20. Alveus
21. Pulvinar nucleus
22. Toil of caudate nucleus
23. Br. of middle cerebral a.

24. Temporal operculum (superior temporal gyrus)
25. Superficial temporal o. and v
26. Lateral (sylvian) fissure
27. Frontal operculum
28. Insula cortex (island of Reil)
29. Putamen
30. Anterior limb of internal capsule
31. Middle frontal gyrus
32. Anterior thalamic nucleus
33. Frontal (anterior) horn of lateral ventricle
34. Superior frontal gyrus
35. Cingulum
36. Cingulate gyrus
37. Columns of fornix
38. Superior sagittal sinus

This is a section (looking down) through the thalamus and basal ganglia. The two hemispheres are connected via the corpus callosum (2). Rostral and dorsal to the corpus callosum (2) on the medial surface of the hemisphere is the cingulate gyrus (36). The white matter core of the cingulate gyrus is the cingulum (35), an important long association fiber bundle. Within dural folds are seen three venous sinuses, the superior sagittal sinus (38), straight sinus (16), and the confluence of sinuses (18). The internal cerebral vein (19) is seen in close proximity to the pineal body (17). The two frontal (anterior) horns of the lateral ventricle (33) are seen separated by the septum pellucidum (1). Ventral to the septum pellucidum (1) are columns of fornix (37). In the lateral wall of the frontal (anterior) horn of the lateral ventricle (33) is the head of the caudate nucleus (4). Lateral and ventral to the head of the caudate nucleus (4) is the putamen (29). The caudate nucleus (4) and the putamen (29) are basal ganglia nuclei. They are separated by the anterior limb of the internal capsule (30). The anterior limb of the internal capsule (30) is continuous with the genu (5) and posterior limb (9) of the internal capsule. The internal capsule (5, 9, 30) carries corticofugal and corticopetal fibers. The posterior limb of the internal capsule (9) separates the putamen (29) from the thalamus. The following thalamic nuclei are seen: dorsomedial (6) in the lateral wall of the third ventricle (3), ventral lateral (7), pulvinar (21), and anterior (32). The temporal (inferior) horn of the lateral ventricle (11) is seen with the tail of the caudate nucleus (22) forming part of its roof and the hippocampus (12) protruding into it. The alveus (20), composed of axons of hippocampal projection neurons, is continuous with the fimbria of the fornix (10). The lateral (sylvian) fissure (26) is seen covered by frontal (27) and temporal (24) opercula. Branches of the middle cerebral artery (23) are seen within the lateral (sylvian) fissure (26). The insula (island of Reil) (28) is in the depth of the lateral (sylvian) fissure (26). The lingual gyrus (15) and the striate (primary visual) cortex (13) are seen on the medial surface of the occipital lobe. The superior (34) and middle (31) frontal gyri are seen in the frontal lobe. The superior surface of the vermis of the cerebellum (14) is seen in the midline. The middle meningeal artery (8) and the superficial temporal artery and vein (25) are seen.

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