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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Topography of the Thorax and Abdomen

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Appendix: Topography of the Thorax and Abdomen

Suprarenals

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed


Right, Apex

The highest point of the right suprarenal varies from the level of the upper third of the eleventh thoracic vertebra to the upper third of the twelfth thoracic vertebra, with the average position being at the level of the lower third of the eleventh thoracic vertebra, according to Eycleshymer and Schoemaker.

Luschka and Sappey and Delamare (cited but not referenced in Eycleshymer and Schoemaker) locate the right suprarenal at the level of the twelfth thoracic vertebra. Corning stated that the "classical" level of the right suprarenal is at the eleventh thoracic vertebra. The present study places it at the level of the middle third of the eleventh thoracic vertebra.

Right, Lowest Point

Eycleshymer and Schoemaker reported the lowest point of the right suprarenal varies from the twelfth thoracic disk to the upper third of the second lumbar vertebra, with the average position being at a level between the middle and lower thirds of the first lumbar vertebra.

Left, Apex

The highest point of the left suprarenal varies from the upper third of the eleventh thoracic vertebra to the twelfth thoracic disk. The average position is at a level between the eleventh thoracic disk and the upper third of the twelfth thoracic vertebra, according to Eycleshymer and Schoemaker.

Left, Lowest Point

The lowest point of the left suprarenal varies from the upper and middle thirds of the first lumbar vertebra to the middle third of the second lumbar vertebra, with the average position being at the level of the lower third of the first lumbar vertebra, according to Eycleshymer and Schoemaker. Joessel states that the suprarenals overlap the lower half of the eleventh and the upper half of the twelfth thoracic vertebrae. Delamare (cited but not referenced in Eycleshymer and Schoemaker) finds it at the level of the twelfth thoracic and the first lumbar vertebrae. Corning indicated that the "classical" levels of the right and left suprarenals were at the level of the eleventh and twelfth thoracic vertebrae, respectively.

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