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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 7. Lower Limb

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 7. Lower Limb

Plate 7.38

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed


Plate 7.38

Upper Left Quadrant

Lower Left Quadrant

Lower Right Quadrant

Upper Right Quadrant

1 . Arcuate and deep plantar aa.
2. Third metatarsal
3. Tendons mm. extensor digitorum longus and brevis
4. Fourth metatarsal
5. Dorsal interosseous mm.
6. Lumbrical mm.

7. Fifth metatarsal, tuberosity
8. Cuboid
9. Cuboid sulcus and cuboid
10. Tendon m. peroneus longus
11. Long plantar ligament
12. Quadratus plantae m.
13. Calcaneal tendon

14. Medial and lateral plantar aa.
15. Calcaneus, tuberosity
16. Tibial nerve and posterior tibial a.
17. Flexor retinaculum
18. Quadratus plantae m.
19. Abductor hallucis m.
20. Medial plantar nerves
21. Tendons mm. flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus
22. Deltoid ligament (medial ligament of the foot)
23. Tendon m. tibialis anterior

24. Tendon m. peroneus longus
25. First metatarsal
26. Tendon m. extensor hallucis longus
27. Deep plantar a. and tendon of m. extensor digitorum longus
28. Interosseous mm. and second metatarsal

This section is the superior (proximal) surface of the next section, looking distally.

This section passes through the tuberosity of the calcaneus (15) and the first (25), second (28), third (2), fourth (4), and fifth (7) metatarsals. It cuts the cuboid sulcus and the cuboid (8, 9) bone. It passes through the quadratus plantae (12, 18), interosseous (28), abductor hallucis (19), and lumbrical (6) muscles. The tendon of peroneus longus (10, 24) is identified.

The long plantar ligament (11) is a strong, dense band of fibers that is attached proximally to the whole plantar surface of the calcaneus between the medial and lateral processes of the tuberosity and a rounded eminence near the distal end of the bone. Most of the fibers pass distally and are fixed to the lateral two-thirds or more of the oblique ridge on the plantar surface of the cuboid, but some expand into a broad band and some are inserted onto the base of the second, third, fourth, and medial half of the fifth metatarsal bones. The expanded portion completes the canal for the peroneus longus tendon. From its plantar surface, the oblique head of adductor hallucis and flexor digiti minimi brevis muscles arise.

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